The NIE (Número de Identificación de Extranjero) is the counterpart to a D.N.I. for Spanish citizens. The NIE is the identification number in Spain for everyone who is not a Spanish citizen. Both EU citizens and non-EU citizens get issued a NIE. The NIE is not a fiscal residency identification; you can have a NIE and be fiscal resident in another country. Note that the NIE must include an address in Spain. You can use our firm's address if you hire our services to form an SL or any other service that allows us to represent you in Spain.
Applications must be submitted personally or trough a duly accredited representative, and the application form must be accompanied by a copy of the biographical page of the passport containing the holder´s information (EU citizens can provide a copy of their identity card).
Although largely ignored by the vast majority of foreigners up until the year 2005, the National Tax Identification number of Spain has been a requirement for all individuals conducting any type of business within Spain that involves purchasing or selling any items. The Spanish government have linked the NIE Number to various other departments such as the Social Security and residence (e.g. including the NIE Number on the tarjeta de residencia - residence card).
What does the NIE number look like? The NIE consists of an 'X' or 'Y' followed by 7 or 8 digits then another letter.
Do I need a NIE number?
The NIE number is needed in order to file taxes, buy property, establish a business, open a bank account, and for almost all other forms you fill out. When forming a company, everyone who will be directors and shareholders of the company will need a NIE, as a result of the Fraud Prevention Act which came into force on February 2005. This is the first step in forming a company or in buying a shelf company.
NIE APPLICATION FEES
HOW MUCH IT WOULD COST IF I GET THE NIE MYSELF?
This is an estimate breakdown of the cost you will have to incur if you decide to apply for the NIE in person.
- 2 round fare Airplane Tickets (one flight to APPLY for the NIE and the other to collect it): 120 – 600 € per person.
- Transport to and from the airport – 40 – 120 €
- Hotel accommodation- 50 – 200 € per double room per day (2 days required).
The complete NIE Application process can cost you anything between 300 € and 1,000 €, without taking into consideration the time you spend travelling and queuing up!